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Conlangs: Alphabets, Scripts & Signs

LINGUISTICS
When you create your first constructed language or conlang, it’s likely to be a derivative of English, unless you know foreign languages. Experts recommend building languages from scratch, not relying on your mother tongue for inspiration. This will depend on what you want to achieve from making a conlang while leaning about how language works.

When you have created one conlang, it’s easy to make related languages from it. With each new language you create, they will become more removed, further from your mother tongue. I have made fifteen, but I will not make any more.

NATIONALITIES
One use of language to denote culture is the many different suffixes used for nationality in English. There are no rules governing which particular one is used, though some frequent more in particular areas. Alien cultures may not follow these rules but the most common are the following: -
·         -an
·         -ean
·         -er
·         -ese
·         -i
·         -ian
·         -ish

SIGNS
Choose vowel and consonant sounds you want for your language. Start by creating sounds, and then think about any recorded sounds humans could make.

You can use the Latin alphabet which we use in English for sound ideas, but you could look at other alphabets, or create your own. When you have chosen sounds, separate them into vowels and consonants. The definitions of these vary dependant on culture. Y is the loneliest vowel.

Vowels by Frequency in English: - eaoiu

Consonants by Frequency in English: - tnshrdlcmwfgypbvkjxqz

Alphabet & Scripts
Latin script will be familiar to us all
·         Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

However, the Armenian may be more alien
·         Աբգդեզէըթժիլխծկհձղճմյնշոչպջռսվտրցւփքօֆ

Moreover, check out Georgian
·         აბგდევზთიკლმნოპჟრსტუფქღყშჩცძწჭხჯჰ

This is mine for my Cana & Kimu worlds (It also is in alphabetical order - I am not sure if you can see this online)

·         ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ


Punctuation
Common punctuation in English are things like ,/?!;:” and (). You can assign new characters to your script for your own languages or assign words instead.

MATHEMATICS
Maths is a language. It is the most universal language in the world, and likely the universe. Though there are different systems for explaining numbers, they all are factually the same.

Base Systems
In most of the modern world, we use a base 10 number system. This means every time we count we add ‘one’, and eventually get to 10, which starts a new column. The same principle applies for all the different base number systems.

There are different types we use. There are systems for base 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 32, 36, 60, 64, 85 and 100. Computing reasons are why there are so many. Also different cultures have used many for different reasons of measurement. You may want different systems for time, money, weight, length, volume and more. Have you not ever wondered why there are 60 seconds in a minute, 24 hours in a day, 100 pence in a pound, and 14 lbs in a stone? It’s thanks to different counting systems.

Your language would need words to make counting simpler like in English we count up to twelve before we start adding the suffix –teen and we also have words for hundred, thousand and so on.

The Golden Ratio
To me, the golden ratio signifies aesthetic beauty and its relationship with nature. Simply put it is ‘1:1.61’. Its dimensions are used everywhere because of its pleasing qualities. It’s where maths and art combine and may be a factor in alien cultures too.   

Happy Creations!

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